The Human Nature of Jesus Christ!!!
May 29, 2014
“Who was Conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary”
After professing our faith in Jesus Christ’s divinity as the only begotten Son of God, we immediately declare that ” He was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary “. Jesus’ Divinity means He has the exact same nature as God, His Father. We don’t speak of His Divine nature as being created, because it wasn’t, it was generated from the Father. Jesus as the second person of the Divine Trinity has all the attributes of God the Father, He is eternal like His Father. We will look more at Jesus’ Divinity in future posts and the relationship between the Three Divine Persons in God. For now, lets examine some more of Jesus’ human, created nature.
Now, once again I have to state that Jesus is one Divine person with two natures and two wills, He has a human nature and a human will. Jesus has a Divine nature and a Divine will, but He is still one person, not two persons in the same body. If you were to ask your mother if she gave birth to your nature or your person, and assuming that she is not some kind of philosopher or psychologist type, she would rationally answer that she gave birth to a person and named him ” whatever your name is, insert here.” I have to say that Frank Sheeds book called ” Theology and Sanity” explains the mystery of the Holy Trinity superbly. Now, just because Jesus has a human nature doesn’t mean he could sin, because He couldn’t, it just wasn’t in Him, it was actually impossible for Him to sin. Jesus is what we call ” impeccable” or simply “sinless.” Once again, this is not speculation this is absolute truth or De Fide. The Council of Florence solemnly declared it in 1441. However that being said, it was always a part of Catholic Teaching that Jesus was “ impeccable “. St Augustine taught, ” Let everyone that believes that the flesh of Christ revolted against His Spirit, be excluded” (Opus imperfectum c. Iul, IV 47). Christ therefore did not have “concupiscence” that is, He never was inclined to sin. His soul did not struggle with His flesh, they were in perfect harmony with one another. Jesus, even though He had a free will as part of His human nature, it always participated perfectly with His Divine will. Pope Benedict XVI writes beautifully of Jesus’ Divine and human will in the second book of The Jesus of Nazareth series. The main reason for Jesus’ impeccability lies in the fact of the Hypostatic Union. Jesus is a Divine person, therefore cannot be the subject of sin. The Council of Chalcedon in 451 states ” similar to us in all things, except sin” ( D 148 ).
It is also a teaching of the Church that from the very moment of Christ’s conception He had the Beatific Vision, in other words He immediately had a face to face with God and knew Him perfectly. I take a quote from the schoolmen from Fundamentals of Catholic Dogma by Dr. Ludwig Ott, ” at the same time a pilgrim on earth and at the destination of His earthly pilgrimage.” Therefore , since Jesus had the Beatific Vision He did not have the theological virtues of Faith and Hope.
I will continue on this post shortly…… In JMJ,Lee